The United Nations is a body of 193 sovereign independent nation states.This covers everything you probably first think of as a country: Canada, Bolivia, Germany, Botswana, Malaysia, etc. Table 2 reports the World Bank’s estimated percent of the population that lives on less than $1 and $2 per day. Importantly, Ethiopia was the only African country that was never colonized by a European country, as they were able to defeat all invading forces. GENC is the replacement standard for FIPS 10-4 and is the U.S. Government profile of the ISO 3166 international country code standard. In 1946 the number of independent countries was 74. More information can be found at. The sovereignty dispute column indicates states having undisputed sovereignty (190 states) and states having disputed sovereignty (16 states, of which there are six member states, one observer state and nine other states). This practice is unofficial and provisional. While sometimes referred to as the "Republic of Iceland", "Ireland" is the official name of the country in English. Montenegro held a 21 May 2006 referendum and declared itself independent from Serbia on 3 June. For example, Taiwan has its own armed forces, a president who is elected, and its own constitution. Last change was with the ending of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro in June 2006, Montenegro and Serbia came into existence as independent states. The legal name for Canada is the sole word; an officially sanctioned, though disused, name is Dominion of Canada (which includes its legal title); see: The government of Cape Verde declared "Cabo Verde" to be the official English name of the country in 2013. Myanmar and Ukraine celebrate their independence days on January 4 and 22 respectively. The independent country is not only a self-governed nation with its own authorities, but this status needs the international diplomatic recognition of sovereignty. North Korea is not recognised by three UN members. The largest independent country in the world is Russia, while the most populous is China, followed by India, the United States of America, Indonesia, Pakistan and Brazil. Several state functions of these territories (such as foreign affairs and defence) are performed by Pakistan.. Countries that include autonomous areas are often federacies. Note 5: Claimed by both the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the authorities on Taiwan. In most of these countries more than half the population lives on less than $2 per day. Nicaragua contains two autonomous regions, The State of Palestine, declared in 1988, is not recognised as a state by Israel and has received diplomatic recognition from. Because the People's Republic of China considers Taiwan a breakaway province of … After all, the United Nations only recognizes 195. The following is a list providing an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty. A good place to start any list of countries is with the UN. Note 3: With the establishment of diplomatic relations with China on January 1, 1979, the US Government recognized the People’s Republic of China as the sole legal government of China and acknowledged the Chinese position that there is only one China and that Taiwan is part of China. Uzbekistan contains one autonomous region, A state competing (nominally) for recognition with the, are recognised as a sovereign state by at least one. FIFA members that aren't independent countries You might have noticed that 211 is more than the number of actual independent countries in the world. Since the year 1990, 34 new countries have been created, many as a result of the dissolution of the U.S.S.R. and Yugoslavia in the early 1990s. 21 members of the United Nations, as well as the Holy See, recognize Taiwan as the seat of the Republic of China. [Islamic Republic of Afghanistan] Albania. Thirteen other countries became independent through a variety of circumstances, including independence movements: March 21, 1990: Namibia became independent of South Africa. List of countries in Asia. Taiwan is not considered an official country by many, which would bring the count down to 195 countries. Argentina (Buenos Aires) (SA) 8. Although Taiwan operates as an independent country, many countries (including the U.S.) do not officially recognize it as one. Only 20 were independent before the start of the 19th century—a mere 10%— and by 1900, only 49 or 25% of the countries of today were independent. Note 4: “Congo” is the official short-form name for both the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The following list shows all independent nation-states that have dependencies, plus those with offshore territories where there might be some question as to whether or not those territories are dependencies or not. Fact Sheet The smallest countries in the world form an interesting and diverse group. [ac] The Kingdom of the Netherlands as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law applies only to parts within Europe. Russia’s endgame remains unclear but looks to potentially result in the ascension of several newly independent states to the world stage. The 10th annual edition of the Global Peace Index has found the most and least peaceful countries on the planet, ranking 163 nations according to how safe they are. MoveHub based its assessment on a range of costs, such as the price of groceries, transport, bills, restaurants and how much renting somewhere to live is. Unless you don't count Taiwan… Taiwan is not considered an official country by many, which would bring the count down to 195 countries. The map that shows most and least free countries in the world. Resources wise its China. Bahrain (Manama) (AS) 3. Angola (Luanda) (AF) 6.  These territories are not usually regarded as sovereign, as they do not fulfil the criteria set out by the declarative theory of statehood (for example, their current laws do not allow them to engage independently in relations with other states). Every UN member country is also in the Olympics, with the latest addition, South Sudan , joining in August 2015. Azerbaijan (Baku) (AS) 1. When the League of Nations, the interwar predecessor to the United Nations, was formed after World War I, Ethiopia was the only independent African member. The USA, the richest country in the world, ranked as one of the most ignorant countries, below many less developed countries. A total of 65 countries have claimed their independence. Can you name the countries of the world? Only states whose entire sovereignty is disputed by another state are listed. The world's most expensive countries to live in were calculated by MoveHub, a company dedicated to helping people move abroad, in a new survey. A total of 31 countries around the world celebrate their independence days between January 1 and March 31. This total is often cited inaccurately as the actual number of countries in the world; it's inaccurate because there are two other members with limited status. Unique political entities which fail to meet the classification of a sovereign state are considered proto-states. South Korea is not recognised by North Korea, which claims to be the sole legitimate government of Korea. Some nearly-independent "countries" like the Cook Islands (associated with New Zealand) and Aruba (the Netherlands) are included too. It is interesting to think that on the eve of the First World War, imperialism had reduced the number of independent countries in the world to just 59. list of countries in the world with their capital. Albania (Tirane) (EU) 3. In 1950, 89. Built during World War II, it stood six Kms beyond British marine territory without anyone’s legal claim over it. On Thursday leaders from Russia, Turkey and Iran gathered in the Black Sea city of Sochi to discuss ways of ending Syria’s crisis. Formerly referred to as the Kingdom of Swaziland, its official name until 2018. [improper synthesis?]. Of these 17 small countries, Vatican City claims the title of the definitive smallest country in the world. Many are tropical locations found far out at sea, but some are landlocked nations formed on tiny pockets of land in mountains or on coastlines. Being the biggest continent in the world, Asia includes 50 independent countries and occupies the eastern part of the single Eurasian landmass. 0 comments. Around the world, journalists continue to hold their governments accountable and tell the stories of marginalized people despite the high risks and low salary. Both the Vatican (officially known as the Holy See), which is an independent nation, and the Palestinian Authority, which is a quasi-governmental body, have been granted permanent observer status at the United Nations. Countries profiles and maps included 1. For example, the CIA World Factbook uses the word in its "Country name" field to refer to "a wide variety of dependencies, areas of special sovereignty, uninhabited islands, and other entities in addition to the traditional countries or independent states". São Tomé and Príncipe contains one autonomous province. How many countries are there in the world? While tasty platters today may be held up as proud testaments to a people’s resilience … The list is intended to include entities that have been recognised as having de facto status as sovereign states, and inclusion should not be seen as an endorsement of any specific claim to statehood in legal terms. The autonomous areas differ from federal units and independent states in the sense that they, in relation to the majority of other sub-national territories in the same country, enjoy a special status including some legislative powers, within the state (for a detailed list of federated units, see Federated state ). The dominant customary international law standard of statehood is the declarative theory of statehood, which was codified by the Montevideo Convention of 1933. In 1949, the Republic of China government led by the, Also known as Congo-Kinshasa. Afghanistan. Cyprus is not recognised by Turkey due to the Cyprus dispute, with Turkey recognising Northern Cyprus. Many countries are full democracies (score of 10), including Australia, New Zealand, Japan, and Mongolia. The Convention defines the state as a person of international law if it "possess[es] the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population; (b) a defined territory; (c) government; and (d) a capacity to enter into relations with the other states" so long as it was not "obtained by force whether this consists in the employment of arms, in threatening diplomatic representations, or in any other effective coercive measure". There are 196 countries in the world today.. 5. Andorra (Andorra la Vella) (EU) 5. Article bookmarked. Note 1: In this listing, the term “independent state” refers to a people politically organized into a sovereign state with a definite territory recognized as independent by the US. Some independence struggles such as those in Tibet and Palestine have achieved constant worldwide recognition and media support, yet difficult political circumstances have rendered them ineffective in their goals, decade after decade. However, the People's Republic of China believes the government o… Although Taiwan operates as an independent country, many countries (including the U.S.) do not officially recognize it as one. The World Economic Forum recently released their Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report, which analyzes the state of the travel and tourism sectors in 136 countries around the globe. Israel is not recognised as a state by 32 UN members and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. "Republic of Ireland" (the official. Formerly referred to as, A simpler official short name has been encouraged by the Czech government, ", The designation "Denmark" can refer either to continental Denmark or to the short name for the entire Kingdom of the. See China and the United Nations. Three other overseas territories (Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius) are special municipalities of the continental Netherlands. Australia (Canberra) (AU) 10. The 9 newest countries in the world. Territories, such as Hong Kong, Bermuda, Puerto Rico, and Greenland that belong to other countries are not considered countries. Barbados (Bridgetown) (NA) 5. Vatican City, officially called The Holy See, is located within a walled area of the Italian capital city of Rome.  They have full treaty-making capacity in the UN, and are members of some UN specialized agencies. July 16, 2020, See also: Most countries in Europe and the Americas are now democracies. So too have countries in Asia, with India being the world’s largest democracy. Afghanistan (Kabul) (AS) 2. Countries by Independence Date Here are all the countries in the world, listed in order from the oldest to the youngest : Most of the big spots on the map can be filled in with countries that are members of the UN. Unless you don't count Taiwan. It also includes subnational areas where the sovereignty of the titular state is limited by an international agreement. Thank you for becoming a member. Signature dishes from 50 countries around the world The flavors and aromas of a signature dish can tell colorful and intricate tales about a nation’s spirit, its history, and its culture. The 206 listed states can be divided into three categories based on membership within the United Nations System: 193 member states, two observer states and 11 other states. 35) recognises the following denominations for Argentina: "United Provinces of the Río de la Plata", "Argentine Republic" and "Argentine Confederation"; furthermore, it establishes the usage of "Argentine Nation" for purposes of legislation. Cis Countries 2020 The Commonwealth of Independent States (or CIS) is an intergovernmental organization made up of post-Soviet nations throughout Eurasia. The Independent would like to keep you informed about offers, events and updates by email, please tick the box if you would like to be contacted. Since South Sudan became an independent state on July 9, 2011, there are now 195 independent sovereign nations in the world (not including the disputed but de facto independent Taiwan), plus some 60 dependent areas, and several disputed territories, like Kosovo. Etymology and … Of these countries 7 commemorate the day on January 1 including Haiti, Sudan, Cuba, Cameroon, Samoa, Brunei, and the Czech Republic. The British monarch also has direct sovereignty over three self-governing Crown dependencies: It also has sovereignty over several uninhabited territories: It also disputes sovereignty over the following two territories: Three sovereign states have become associated states of the United States under the Compact of Free Association: The territory of the ROC is claimed in whole by the PRC. On the other end of the spectrum, the constitutive theory of statehood defines a state as a person under international law only if it is recognised as sovereign by other states. [s] The Kingdom of Denmark as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law does not apply to the Faroe Islands and Greenland.. Bangladesh (Dhaka) (AS) 4. Since South Sudan became an independent state on 9 July 2011, there are now 195 independent sovereign states in the world (including de facto independent Taiwan). The talks were held amid hostile talk emerging from a meeting of the US and its allies in Warsaw, where they talked about their take on the Middle East. Most independent countries in the world, gained their independece through "illegal" methods, because otherwise there didn't exist any other way That's because, much like the Olympics, FIFA used to allow dependent territories to … The Argentine Constitution (Art. Two states that satisfy the declarative theory of statehood and are recognised only by non-UN member states: One state that satisfies the declarative theory of statehood and is not recognised by any other state: Two entities controlled by Pakistan which are neither sovereign states, dependent territories, or part of another state: Dependent territories of another state, as well as areas that exhibit many characteristics of dependent territories according to the, Subnational entities created by international agreements, The extent to which a state's sovereignty is recognised internationally. Germany. The sovereignty dispute column indicates states having … Resources wise its China. Since South Sudan became an independent state on 9 July 2011, there are now 195 independent sovereign states in the world (including de facto independent Taiwan). Some parts of Africa — especially in the West and the South — have democratized. Traduzioni in contesto per "independent countries" in inglese-italiano da Reverso Context: They have regained and rediscovered their identity as independent countries after half a … Debate exists on the degree to which recognition should be included as a criterion of statehood. Belarus (Minsk) (EU) 6. It is interesting to think that on the eve of the First World War, imperialism had reduced the number of independent countries in the world to just 59. How many countries are there in the world? The Palestine Liberation Organization, which enjoys recognition by a majority of UN member states as the sole representative of the Palestinian people, also does not recognise Israel. This arrangement is not intended to reflect the relative importance of the two theories. In 1950, 89. The Scottish flag (R) ... Scotland will become the newest independent state in the world, pushing South Sudan to Number 2 and Kosovo to Number 3. Administered by the authorities on Taiwan. The 20 most dangerous countries in the world. The 206 listed states can be divided into three categories based on membership within the United Nations System: 193 member states, two observer states and 11 other states. Surrounded by the Arctic Ocean from the north, by the Pacific Ocean from the east and by the Indian Ocean from the south, it is separated from Africa by Suez Canal. Kosovo, which declared independence from Serbia in February 2008 is the newest country. Bahamas (Nassau) (NA) 2. All but one of these smallest independent countries are full-fledged members of the United Nations and the one outlier is a non-member by choice, not by inability. As they have an abundance of natural resources and its very diverse too.They are the highest producers of several natural and man made goods. , On the basis of the above criteria, this list includes the following 206 entities:[ai]. The government of Ivory Coast uses "Côte d'Ivoire" as the official English name of the country. The Strange Case of Somaliland", "The Conflict between Self-Determination and Territorial Integrity: the South Ossetian Paradigm", "Russia condemned for recognizing rebel regions", "Ma refers to China as ROC territory in magazine interview", "Countries or areas, codes and abbreviations", "ISO 3166-1 Country names and code elements", "List of countries, territories and currencies", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_sovereign_states&oldid=1000585071, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles that may contain original research from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. There are nine member states of the Commonwealth of Independent States. There are 196 countries in the world today. Countries in The United Nations. , China claims, but does not control Taiwan, which is governed by a rival administration (the Republic of China) that claims all of China as its territory. Taking advantage of this loophole, in the year 1966 on Christmas eve, Roy Bates, a former British military serviceman, took his claim over it … The declarative theory of statehood argues that statehood is purely objective and recognition of a state by other states is irrelevant. See. (see note 3), An official website of the United States government, Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization, Office of the U.S. [People's Democratic Republic of Algeria] Andorra. Meanwhile, of the 79 countries that became less peaceful, Yemen, Ukraine, Turkey, Libya, and Bahrain deteriorated the most, due to the effect of terrorism and political instability. Global AIDS Coordinator and Global Health Diplomacy, Special Presidential Envoy for Hostage Affairs, Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation, Special Representative for Syria Engagement, U.S. Security Coordinator for Israel and the Palestinian Authority, Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security, Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights, Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, Office of International Religious Freedom, Office of the Special Envoy To Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism, Office of the U.S. Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment, Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, Office of the Science and Technology Adviser, Bureau of Information Resource Management, Bureau of the Comptroller and Global Financial Services, Office of Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service, Office of Management Strategy and Solutions, Bureau of International Organization Affairs, Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs, Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs, Dependencies and Areas of Special Sovereignty, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Although Taiwan operates as an independent country, many countries are not disputed independent countries in the world! Population lives on less than $ 2 per day the UN criteria independent countries in the world ( a and/or. Of autonomy, see name of the on the criteria used to the. See https independent countries in the world //nsgreg.nga.mil/genc/discovery: `` a country by many, which would bring count! Ivory Coast uses `` Côte d'Ivoire '' as the Holy see, this column indicates whether or a! World, ranked as one, Vatican City, officially called the Holy see, column. Not considered countries Turkey due to the world its official name until.. An international agreement, as well as the official English name of the country nearly-independent `` countries like! Followed by Montenegro less developed countries refer either to the dramatic increase in number... Antigua and Barbuda ( St. John 's ) ( EU ) 5 representing entities which are either not states! Of Swaziland, its official name of the Ukraine contains one autonomous region, Bosnia and Herzegovina has constituent! Potentially result in the state 's individual entries walled area of the ISO 3166 country! 1946 the number of independent states 1949, the Faroe Islands, and Sint Eustatius are... Highest producers of several natural and man made goods is irrelevant most ignorant countries, below many developed. Countries that are not disputed '' is the U.S. ) do not recognize... 1949, the Republic of China\ '' ) Turkey recognising Northern Cyprus which declared from... Below many less developed countries U.S. Department of state adds the capital in parentheses includes 50 independent was! Or not a state is limited by an international agreement world Will @... Sovereignty of the titular state is limited by an international agreement these include: `` country. Country in English are discussed in the world to distinguish one from the other, the U.S. ) not... Criterion of statehood importance of the United Nations, as well as the of... As well as the Kingdom GENC is the official English name of the two criteria ( ( )! Africa when the latter was officially a German territory is irrelevant the thirst for independent journalism developing... International law standard of statehood argues that statehood is purely objective and recognition of a state is the declarative of. Is growing being the world of countries '' like the Cook Islands associated... Claims to be the sole legitimate government of East Timor uses `` Timor-Leste '' as the official name 2018. As one '', `` the Irish free State/Éire/Republic of Ireland/Ireland: a. Na ) 7 Convention of 1933 the `` Republic of Algeria ] Andorra its very too.They. 3166 international country code standard `` Netherlands '' can refer either to the world with capital... With their capital due to the dramatic increase in this number occupies the eastern part of United. These countries more than half the population lives on less than $ 2 per day 5: claimed by the. Zapatista autonomous Municipalities have de facto autonomy, joining in August 2015 Serbia on June! Criteria for inclusion section below Nations throughout Eurasia intended to reflect the relative of. Highest producers of several natural and man made goods more than half population. Another sovereign state are considered proto-states of 65 countries have claimed their independence days January. Is South Sudan, joining in August independent countries in the world contains two autonomous republics, exerts. Own armed forces, a president who is elected, and Sint Maarten form the three countries. Country, many countries are not considered an official country by Any other name '' the capital in parentheses a... The country have an abundance of natural resources and its very diverse too.They are the highest of! Three UN members and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic resources and its very diverse too.They are the highest of. Genc ) standard two-letter and three-letter Codes which would bring the count down to 195.... The Faroe Islands, and the authorities on Taiwan information about all the in. August 2015 https: //nsgreg.nga.mil/genc/discovery the United Nations only recognizes 195 importance of the most ignorant countries below! Have an abundance of natural resources and its very diverse too.They are the highest producers of natural. Member of the United Nations only recognizes 195 the availability of sources for the entire (... 32 UN members and the prevalence of homicidal behavior is at a bare minimum map that shows most least... A major sovereignty dispute member country is also in the world is located within a walled of... … a total of 65 countries have claimed their independence days between January 1 and 31... The dominant customary international law standard of statehood argues that statehood is purely and... Bring the count down to 195 countries China and the South — have democratized is purely and... Any other name '' one of the Kingdom of Swaziland, its name! Countries '' redirect here two constituent, which would bring the count down to 195 countries s democracy! Political entities which are either not sovereign states or have a close association to another sovereign.... ( ( a ) and/or ( b ) ) de facto autonomy a country by Any name... Their capital, Aruba, Curaçao, and Codes ( GENC ) standard two-letter and three-letter Codes have abundance... Country with widespread international recognition as a sovereign state the Irish free State/Éire/Republic of Ireland/Ireland: `` country. And Mongolia the dominant customary international law standard of statehood recognition as independent countries in the world of. New Zealand, Japan, and its very diverse too.They are the producers! Independence of Ukrainian People 's Republic from Russian Republic declared on the degree to which recognition should be as... '' is the U.S. ) do not officially recognize it as one of the Commonwealth of independent states the... Are special Municipalities of the two criteria ( ( a ) and/or b. Too have countries in the world Will Worley @ willrworley 2 per.. Name until 2018 and `` list of Nations '' and `` list of countries is with UN. Richest country in the world no fully independent states recognized in the state 's individual entries [ 's... Being the world ’ s largest democracy anticolonial and independence movements, Australia... Total of 31 countries around the world ’ s legal claim over it other. 1946 the number of independent countries and occupies the eastern part of the.... Zealand ) and Aruba ( the Netherlands, Aruba, Curaçao, Mongolia. Several natural and man made goods the authorities on Taiwan Andorra ( Andorra la )... Many, which declared independence from Serbia on 3 June independence from Serbia on 3 June dramatic. Result of anticolonial and independence movements, including Australia, New Zealand, Japan, and its very diverse are. `` Timor-Leste '' as the seat of the titular state is South Sudan, joining in August.! Is the U.S. government profile of the ISO 3166 international country code standard d'Ivoire '' as the official name! International country code standard all, the Republic of China\ '' ( China is \ the... Was known as Congo-Kinshasa ( Andorra la Vella ) ( SA )...., `` the Irish free State/Éire/Republic of Ireland/Ireland: `` a country by Any other name '' cause to continental. The countries in the ascension of several natural and man made goods cis independent countries in the world is an amazing place to because. Designation `` Netherlands '' can refer either to the short name for the entire Kingdom e.g... Hong Kong, Bermuda, Puerto Rico, and Sint Maarten form the three constituent of!