The correlation between the full and reduced sub-scale was .96. [dissertation], University of Groningen; 2014. Eur J Cancer. The Multidimensional Diabetes Questionnaire represents a scale established in the theoretical framework of the Health Belief Model and the Social Cognitive Theory to provide a comprehensive and specific assessment of the cognitive and social factors linked to, Body image, as measured by the Appearance Evaluation and Body Areas Satisfaction scales of the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (T.F. A second option is to retain all items when the net impact of the differences on the total score is small [78]. Gender differences with respect to specific issues such as physical contact and sexual fulfillment, represented by separate subscales in the DBIQ, also were deemed worth investigating. Respondents rate the extent to which each statement is, true for them on a 7-point Likert scale ranging from, A higher score indicates more fatigue. I am looking for females aged between 13 to 18 to take part and it will take you approximately 5 minutes to complete. [76] introduced the concept of partial invariance in which only a subset of parameters in each subscale must be invariant whereas others are allowed to vary between the groups. for more information on distribution of age in the two sam-, The Dresden Body Image Questionnaire (DBIQ), ) with positively and negatively worded items (reversely, . These further evaluations should also pay atten-. body weight in non-eating disorders psychiatric populations. Conceptualization, Int J Sex Health. The University of Groningen has made energy one of its three main research themes and makes major contributions to the transition to sustainable production and consumption of energy. No, PLOS is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) corporation, #C2354500, based in San Francisco, California, US, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0181908. Is the Subject Area "Psychometrics" applicable to this article? radical surgery for breast (n=50) or gynaecological cancer (n=50) completed the scale. Evaluating the impact of partial factorial invariance on selection in two popula-. 2003; 8:23–74. Krauss Whitbourne S, Skultety KM. University of Groningen, University Medical Center, Rob Giel Research Centre, Groningen, The Netherlands. First, we investigated the, subscales’ internal consistency and test-retest reliability. By adding the four dimensions a CIS total score can be calculated. PMID: people: validity of a questionnaire measure. Group comparisons of scale scores are only meaningful in case of measurement invariance, across groups. Sample 2 was offered. The OQ-45 is rated on a 5-point Likert scale ranging from never to almost always with higher scores for more distress. The main objective of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Dutch translation of the Dresden Body Image Questionnaire (DBIQ-NL) in a non-clinical sample. Based on results from a Flemish version of the DBIQ in a students’ sample [34], it might be hypothesized that no gender differences exist with regard to physical contact. The original scale has 46 items, but most recent studies utilize a 40-item, Subjects evaluate body characteristics according to a 5-point Likert scale, ranging from, tion with the body and judge the emphasis on bodily functions next to body parts to be an, advantage. After treatment, depression scores decreased with large effect sizes, scores for body attitude and body satisfaction increased with medium effect sizes and body awareness scores increased slightly. Bruno Quintard. It is regarded as one of the most informative fit indices due to its sensitivity to the number of estimated parameters in the model and therefore favouring parsimonious models. Rhemtulla M, Brosseau-Liard PE, Savalei V. When can categorical variables be treated as continuous? The BIS was devel-, oped to assess emotional investment in the body and consists of 24 items scored on a 5-point, tional investment. with the purpose of computing norm scores). 1987).In the manuscript that described the development and validation of the BSQ, the 34 items (provided in Table 1) were included in the appendix, thus the questionnaire is freely available to use.The BSQ starts with the following phrase, “We should … aged adults and comparison with a younger group. [26]. We consulted the Medical Ethics Review Committee of VU University about. However, when the focus is on gathering information with respect to differences on the issue of physical contact across the sexes or on the theme of body acceptance among different age groups, a score without the items violating invariance could be relevant. A multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis showed configural invariance. As can be seen with respect to sex as grouping variable, constraining the factor loadings to be equal across groups (2sB) is accompanied by only a slight decrease in CFI and a non-significant increase in chi square. In view of the lack of multi-purpose instruments, in Dutch, we set out to make an instrument available that reflects the multidimensional char-, acter of this construct by including more dimensions than physical appearance. The model selection was performed by testing invariance by the Scaled Difference in Chi-Squares (SDCS) test [75] for nested models estimated with MLR. Associations between positive body image and indicators of men’s and women’s mental and, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2015.01.002, Jarry JL, Berardi K. Characteristics and effectiveness of stand-alone body image treatments: a review, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2004.10.005, Woertman L, van den Brink F. Body image and female sexual functioning and behavior: a review. Factorial validity and cross-validation of the Body Self-Image Questionnaire (Short Form) in young adults. Millsap and Kwok [78] describe the option of using a shortened version of the scale that omits the items that performed differently across groups, at the same time warning that this option results in as many versions of the scale as there are invariance studies. The adult body: How age, gen-, Probst M, Geerts M, Maurissen K, Simons J. No, Is the Subject Area "Age groups" applicable to this article? No participatory incentives were offered. Roles Rusticus SA, Hubley AM, Zumbo BD. Comfort in touch (subscale of the Body Investment Scale). First, a five-factor model identical to the original German version was specified (Model 1). = Body Acceptance; Phys. Good construct validity was, found with moderate associations with body satisfaction (BCS) as expected since the DBIQ, aims to measure a broad concept of body image whereas in the BCS appearance-related issues, are prominent. Information about the aim of the study, and the voluntary and anonymous nature of participation was given before participants, entered the study. Furthermore, in a factor analytic evaluation of a preliminary version of the DBIQ, body contact as well as sexuality emerged as separate factors [26]. While being aware, of new developments in scale analysis by Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling to, to obtain a close comparison between the DBIQ-NL and the original DBIQ by following a sim-, show a reduced goodness of fit compared to the original scale, in which the reported CFI only. Complete descriptives for all items used for the CFA are provided in S2 Table. 1989; 105:456–66. The, . The only exception were men, scoring slightly lower than women on the reduced physical contact subscale (, standardized factor loadings of the full and reduced item sub-scales see, The aim of this study was to assess psychometric properties of the DBIQ in a non-clinical, Dutch sample. In calculating means we limited missing values to one for all subscales and two for total mean scores. To date, the Body Attitude Test is the sole well-researched self-report instrument measuring, measuring body attitude in anorexic women. Compared to the fit of the full 35-item model (Model 2), the revised 31-item model showed a better fit in all fit measures. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0181908.t004. In our analysis partial invariance was investigated by inspecting modification indices to determine which cross-group equality constraint most significantly contributed to lack of fit; the model was re-estimated after freeing that constraint and this process was reiterated as needed [77]. 1994; 38:383–92. Information about the aim of the study and the voluntary and anonymous nature of participation was given before participants entered the study. The four-factor structure of the MOOPV was confirmed using exploratory (n = 325) and confirmatory factor analyses (n = 799) among adolescents aged 9–18 years. Surprisingly, vitality did not differ significantly between the various dis-, orders. Body Image. [37] have noted a clear need for research on body image in middle-aged and older adults. Int J Eat Disord. The different aspects of relating to a body with symptoms are described. Mean group dif-, ferences between women and men and between younger and older participants are also, The intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) between test and retest scores on the DBIQ-NL, scale were .88 and on the DBIQ-NL subscales .82 for vitality, .80 for body acceptance, .78 for, self-aggrandizement, .79 for sexual fulfillment, and .64 for physical contact. The original scale has 46 items, but most recent studies utilize a 40-item version [45]. For the present study, Cronbach’s α was .94. Distribution of age in the two samples. J Hum Mov Stud. An SRMR between .05 and .10 indicates an, acceptable fit and values less than .05 indicate good fit [. First, we investigated the subscales’ internal consistency and test-retest reliability. results in as many versions of the scale as there are invariance studies. Het gaat ook over studies die hun weg vinden naar internationale tijdschriften en (niet onbelangrijk!) Yes Hence, rejection of these acceptable-misspecified models should have constituted a Type 1 error (incorrect rejection of an "acceptable" model), leading to the seemingly paradoxical results whereby the probability of correctly rejecting misspecified models decreased substantially with increasing N. In contrast to the application of cutoff values to evaluate each solution in isolation, all the GOF indexes were more effective at identifying differences in misspecification based on nested models. The correlations between the measures that were used for construct validation and the DBIQ-NL were recalculated (see Table 3) after the DBIQ-NL was revised on the basis of the CFA, as reported in the following section. The overall impression is that body image is, affected in a diverse range of mental health problems. Research including a condition wherein participants are exposed to (product-only) control images is necessary to draw firmer conclusions. Mean scores for the subscale physical contact increased slightly (.05) for the whole group when items 19 and 30 were deleted; the correlation between the original and adapted sub-scale was .92; Mean scores were .11 higher for women and showed a decrease of .05 for men. Mean group differences between women and men and between younger and older participants are also included. Trauma, lichaamsbeleving en seksualiteit [Trauma, body experience and, Abbott BD, Barber BL. After comparing the quality of the goodness of fit indi-, inventory, we judge the psychometric properties of the DBIQ-NL as sufficient to warrant fur-, ther research on the scale and its properties, in a Dutch clinical population. 2002; 52:205–13. Analyses were conducted with Mplus Version 5.1 [, tion maximum likelihood (MLR) estimator to correct for the skew distribution of several items, model selection and fit, the 5-point Likert items were treated as continuous measures [, Complete descriptives for all items used for the CFA are provided in, Because a five factor model was shown to be adequate for the German questionnaire, we, investigated the fit of this model to the Dutch samples, aiming to obtain fit measures close to, those of the German model. Of the respondents included via students in the first course (sample 1 in Table 2) 361 (sample 1a) were asked to also complete the Body Cathexis Scale (BCS) [44], and 356 others (sample 1b) to complete the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) [57], the Checklist Individual Strength (CIS) [53] and the subscale ‘comfort in touch’ of the Body Investment Scale (BIS) [51]. Their fatigue of interventions targeting body experience, orders with health and an issue with health and an with. 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